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The biennial Trade and Sustainable Development Symposium, organised by the International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development (ICTSD) and held alongside the WTO ministerial conference for over a decade, is the leading multi-stakeholder platform for intellectual enquiry and dialogue on sustainable development and the global trade and investment system. It acts as an inclusive platform outside of the WTO negotiating setting for sharing ideas, engaging in dialogue, and influencing trade policy negotiations. Drawing in participants from government, business and civil society, the Symposium helps to maintain and elaborate a global vision of sustainable development in trade and investment policymaking.
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Wednesday, December 13 • 10:45am - 12:15pm
Agricultural Trade, Employment and Poverty Reduction: Experiences from Latin America and the Caribbean Region

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The elimination of poverty and the promotion of inclusive economic growth are among the key goals of Agenda 2030, wherein trade is recognized as one of the “means of implementation” for achieving the goals. With the agriculture sector accounting for over 70% of employment and 30% of GDP in the poorest countries of the world, trade in agro-food products has the potential to significantly impact rural employment, incomes and poverty, and thus, the achievement of these goals.
This session aims to discuss the linkages between trade, employment and poverty reduction in the Latin America and the Caribbean region, where some countries are major exporters of agricultural commodities to world markets, while for others food imports remain important. In particular, the focus will be on:
• The role of agricultural support and social protection policies: agriculture is often among the most sensitive sectors in countries at all levels of development. Therefore, market incentives in agriculture are often influenced by agricultural support and trade policy measures, which affect the levels of production and trade of agro-food products, and ultimately, the economic activities through which people derive their livelihoods. Complimentary policies such as social protection and labour market measures are also important determinants of the employment and incomes.  
• Implications of the globalization of agricultural value chains: with production processes increasingly fragmented and reorganized across different countries, trade is increasingly taking place within firms or as part of supply chains organized by lead firms. In this setting, standards (both public and private) in end markets, along with the level of competition along these value chains become important determinants of labour market outcomes and levels of poverty.    
Following a brief introduction by the moderator, the panelists will be asked to address these key issues through a series of guiding questions.

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avatar for Georgios Mermigkas

Georgios Mermigkas

Economist, Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations
Georgios joined the FAO Trade and Markets Division in May 2016, as a member of the trade team, dealing with issues related to trade and food security and trade agreements. He has previously worked for the FAO Geneva Office as a trade and food security officer, monitoring the WTO negotiations... Read More →

avatar for Julio Berdegué

Julio Berdegué

Assistant Director-General and Regional Representative for Latin America and the Caribbean, Food and Agriculture Organization
Dr. Julio A. Berdegué is FAO Assistant Director-General and Regional Representative for Latin America and theCaribbean since the 22nd of April 2017.Dr. Berdegué, a national of Mexico, holds a Ph.D. in Social Science from Wageningen University, TheNetherlands, and a Master of Science... Read More →
avatar for Eugenio Diaz-Bonilla

Eugenio Diaz-Bonilla

Senior Research Fellow, Head of Latin America and Caribbean Programme, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)
 Dr. Eugenio Díaz-Bonilla holds a Master of Arts in Economics and a Ph.D. in Economics obtained from the Department of Economics at The Johns Hopkins University. He has been a Visiting Senior Research Fellow at the International Food Policy Research Institute since april 2012, focusing... Read More →
avatar for Arancha González

Arancha González

Executive Director, International Trade Centre
Arancha González has served as Executive Director of ITC, the joint agency of the United Nations and the World Trade Organization, since September 2013. Before joining ITC, Ms. González was Chief of Staff to World Trade Organization Director-General Pascal Lamy from 2005 to 2013... Read More →
avatar for Ekaterina Krivonos

Ekaterina Krivonos

Economist, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Ekaterina Krivonos leads the work of the Trade Team in the Trade and Markets Division of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) in Rome, Italy. Her experience is focused on analyzing trade policy issues in relation to agricultural markets and food security... Read More →

Wednesday December 13, 2017 10:45am - 12:15pm GMT-03
Theater - San Martin Bolsa de Cereales, Buenos Aires, Argentina