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The biennial Trade and Sustainable Development Symposium, organised by the International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development (ICTSD) and held alongside the WTO ministerial conference for over a decade, is the leading multi-stakeholder platform for intellectual enquiry and dialogue on sustainable development and the global trade and investment system. It acts as an inclusive platform outside of the WTO negotiating setting for sharing ideas, engaging in dialogue, and influencing trade policy negotiations. Drawing in participants from government, business and civil society, the Symposium helps to maintain and elaborate a global vision of sustainable development in trade and investment policymaking.

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Inclusion and Development [clear filter]
Monday, December 11
 

9:00am

How to defend development interests in the new economic and political trade environment?

The multilateral trading system is in crisis: not only are the benefits of globalization in question but the inclusive system itself, as the backbone of international trade relations and with the WTO as its guardian, is in danger.  Moreover the centrality of the WTO is under threat with partial deals being pursued through “variable geometry” channels Global leaders are re-examining their roles and strategies when it comes to trade. The crisis in multilateralism and growing uncertainty about the direction of future global trade relations heavily affects the Doha round. Before these recent developments, the Round already was in serious trouble due to the polar opposite views on how it should be concluded that are held by major developed and developing members. Poor developing countries, including LDCs, suffer as in most partial deals they do not have a seat at the table and no opportunity to voice their concerns. Their small size in terms of trade volume combined with a non-assertive approach in negotiations allows bigger players to proceed in their agenda-shaping discussions without them. Meanwhile, outside negotiating rooms, the development of new technologies is dramatically changing trade patterns worldwide. It has also enabled an unprecedented growth of e-commerce, which created previously non-existing opportunities for remote small-scale manufacturers. Poor developing countries including LDCs stand to gain from these developments only if they are well organized and work together in shaping the future multilateral rules to work for their development.

 

Against this backdrop the Session will examine negotiating avenues that could be pursued by poorer developing countries in the international arena to make sure that the global trading system is responsive to their development needs. The Session will discuss possible responses by those countries to various new developments such as regional integration, plurilateral and bilateral exclusive agreements as well as how they can act to minimize any negative effects of these developments on their economies.  In addition, the Session will also invite panellist to brainstorm on the trade policy reform that is needed  in the lesser developed countries to make sure that their own trade ecosystems are in tune with developments of the 21st Century and are  aimed at integrating them into the mainstream of  world trade .

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Moderator
avatar for Nicolas Imboden

Nicolas Imboden

President, Ideas Centre
Mr Nicolas Imboden, a Swiss national, graduated in law at the University of Geneva, holds a degree in development studies from the African Development Institute; a M.A.L.D. from the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy in Boston and was an AMP student at Harvard. He is partner and... Read More →

Speakers
avatar for Debapriya Bhattacharya

Debapriya Bhattacharya

Chair, LDC IV Monitor and Distinguished Fellow, Centre for Policy Dialogue
Debapriya Bhattacharya, PhD is a Distinguished Fellow at the Centre for Policy Dialogue (CPD), Dhaka, where he was its first Executive Director. Former Bangladesh Ambassador to WTO and UN Offices in Geneva and Vienna; Coordinator of LDC Group in the UN system and Special Advisor on... Read More →
avatar for Peter Draper

Peter Draper

Managing Director, Tutwa Consulting Group
Peter Draper is Managing Director at TUTWA Consulting Group, which specialises in policy and regulatory analysis, international business expansion advisory, and corporate public affairs advisory, in Southern African and emerging markets. In South Africa, he is also Senior Research... Read More →
avatar for Naushad Forbes

Naushad Forbes

Immediate Past President, CII Co-Chairman, Forbes Marshall Private Limite
Naushad Forbes is the Co - Chairman of Forbes Marshall, India's leading Steam Engineering and Control Instrumentation firm. He chairs the Steam Engineering Companies within the group.   Naushad was a Lecturer and Consulting Professor at Stanford University from 1987 to 2004 where... Read More →
avatar for Pedro de Camargo Neto

Pedro de Camargo Neto

Vice President, Sociedade Rural Brasileira
Agriculture



Monday December 11, 2017 9:00am - 10:30am
Breakout Room 1 - Belgrano

1:30pm

Services and inclusive economic transformation: The role of regulations

Services now constitute almost 50% of world value-added trade and are the heart of multilateral, mega-regional and regional trade negotiations, with services and services-related issues comprising well over half of the disciplines in modern trade agreements.

Even though all LDCs and developing countries export services, improving the efficiency and contribution of services to domestic economic transformation and sustainable growth faces a number of challenges. One of the most significant ones are inadequately designed and/or implemented regulatory frameworks. This hinders the potential for services to support inclusive development, especially the participation of SMEs and women in the economy. In addition, the external context for services trade has been rapidly evolving with renewed discussions in the WTO on domestic regulation, and the incorporation of new and modernized disciplines on domestic regulations in recently concluded trade agreements such as the CETA and Pacific Alliance, as well as future agreements such as the TiSA and TPP. Policy-makers and regulators need to repond to these challenges in order to craft domestic regulations that are effective, WTO-compatible, inclusive and take into account new developments.

This session objective is two-fold: 1) exploring the contribution of services to sustainable development, in particular to overall economic competitiveness and inclusion; 2) explore how domestic regulations can contribute to this objective, in particular, what could be done at domestic level, and multilaterally.

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Moderator
avatar for Deborah Vorhies

Deborah Vorhies

Managing Director, ICTSD
Deborah VORHIES is ICTSD’s Managing Director. She holds an MBA and earlier degrees in law and finance. Prior to joining ICTSD, Mrs. Vorhies spent six years with the International Finance Corporation (IFC) (World Bank Group), developing and managing its Biodiversity portfolio.She... Read More →

Speakers
avatar for Theresa Carpenter

Theresa Carpenter

Executive Director, Graduate Institute,Geneva
avatar for Mere Falemaka

Mere Falemaka

Permanent Representative of the Pacific Islands Forum to the WTO, PIFS
Currently Permanent Representative of the Pacific Islands Forum to the WTO since 2013 (particularly representing non-resident Members). Formerly Chief Economist in Fiji Government Ministry of Trade Commerce and Industry(1999-2000), Trade Policy Adviser on WTO at Pacific Islands Forum... Read More →
avatar for Jacqueline Musiitwa

Jacqueline Musiitwa

Founder and Managing Partner at Hoja Law Group and Governing Board Member at ICTSD
Jacqueline Musiitwa is the Founder of Hoja Law Group and a former Mo Ibrahim Foundation Fellow at the World Trade Organization. Musiitwa’s focus is on the importance of good governance and rule of law, and on improving Africa’s standing in the world. Musiitwa has served as an... Read More →
avatar for Felipe Sandoval

Felipe Sandoval

Senior Advisor, Trade Law and Negotiations, ICTSD
Felipe is now ICTSD's Senior Advisor, Trade Law and Negotiations, having previously been a Lead Negotiator Trade in Services Agreement – TISA 2012-2017. In this capacity, Mr. Sandoval coordinated Chile´s team on a variety of topics ranging from electronic commerce financial services... Read More →
avatar for Sherry Stephenson

Sherry Stephenson

Senior Fellow ICTSD, International Center for Trade and Sustainable Development
PhD in International Economics, Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva; MA in Economics, New York University. Expert in the area of international trade policy, particularly services trade. Senior Fellow, International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development... Read More →



Monday December 11, 2017 1:30pm - 3:00pm
Breakout Room 3 - Rivadavia

5:00pm

Do developing countries still have policy space to achieve their legitimate objectives under WTO rules?
This session discusses the extent to which WTO law, as clarified in the jurisprudence, allows developing countries to pursue their legitimate policy objectives, such as the protection of the environment, human health, economic development, and public morals.

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Moderator
avatar for Niall Meagher

Niall Meagher

Executive Director, Advisory Centre on WTO Law (ACWL)
Mr. Niall Meagher has been the Executive Director of the ACWL since July 2012.  Before becoming Executive Director, Mr. Meagher had been Senior Counsel at the ACWL since September 2004.  In this capacity, he assisted ACWL Members and LDCs in WTO dispute settlement proceedings before... Read More →

Speakers
avatar for Jaime Coghi

Jaime Coghi

Minister Councellor, Mission of Costa Rica to the WTO
Jaime Coghi is the Deputy Permanent Representative of Costa Rica to the WTO. Mr. Coghi has extensive experience at international level in the formulation and negotiation of trade agreements in the WTO. Negotiator for Costa Rica since 1997, Mr. Coghi has participated in the negotiations... Read More →
avatar for Gustavo Lunazzi

Gustavo Lunazzi

Director Dispute Settlement, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Argentina
Gustavo Lunazzi is (Acting) Director of International Economic Dispute Settlement at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Argentina, where he handles WTO disputes and the defense of Argentine interests in antidumping and CVD investigations conducted by other countries. As a career diplomat... Read More →
avatar for Alejandro Sanchez

Alejandro Sanchez

Counsel, Advisory Centre on WTO Law (ACWL)
Alejandro Sánchez has been Counsel at the ACWL since 2010. As Counsel, he has assisted developing countries in WTO dispute settlement proceedings and has advised on a broad scope of WTO legal issues.Prior to joining the ACWL, Mr. Sánchez served for four years as legal advisor at... Read More →
avatar for Cherise Valles

Cherise Valles

Deputy Director, Advisory Centre on WTO Law (ACWL)
Ms Valles is Deputy Director at the Advisory Centre on WTO Law (ACWL). Before becoming Deputy Director, Ms. Valles had been Senior Counsel at the ACWL since 2001. She has assisted ACWL developing country Members in several dispute settlement proceedings before the WTO Appellate Body... Read More →



Monday December 11, 2017 5:00pm - 6:30pm
Breakout Room 3 - Rivadavia

5:00pm

E-commerce and MSMEs: Towards more inclusive trade

E-commerce has opened a gateway of new opportunities for micro, small, medium and micro enterprises (MSMEs), to access international markets, find new sources of demand and build value through exposure to new technologies. Supported by social media, digital promotion and e-commerce platforms, MSMEs can promote their products and services to professional buyers and consumers across the world, and build a name for themselves beyond their geographical borders.

Evidence reveals that, in relative terms, women entrepreneurs are significantly more active in  e-commerce than in traditional trade. E-commerce therefore has a strong potential to contribute to closing the gender gap in international trade.

Developing countries are taking advantage of e-commerce and e-solutions. According to GSMA, an association of mobile operators, by 2020 there will be more than 700 million smartphone connections in Africa, which is twice the projected number in North America and around the total in Europe. 

Beyond this optimistic picture there are challenges, especially for MSMEs in developing countries.  Significant barriers exist for these MSMEs to establish an online presence internationally, and opportunities are most often limited to the domestic market. Moreover, firm-level data show that there is a significant connectivity gap for women-owned or managed firms.

There are still far too few e-commerce platforms that operate internationally out of developing countries. Furthermore, logistics costs are relatively higher in developing countries, hindering e-commerce transactions from this group. These challenges matter, because e-commerce offers great potential to deliver economic growth, jobs and entrepreneurial opportunities, both for the MSMEs directly active in the business and in a wide range of supporting services. Absence from international e-commerce is a missed opportunity. It is an important component of modern competitiveness. 

Access to digital technologies underpins the ambitions behind many of the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals – and e-commerce can be an important engine for inclusive economic growth, creating jobs for youth and empowering women. Being online levels the playing field when it comes to gender as the share of women-owned firms doubles when moving from traditional offline trade to cross-border e-commerce.

Findings from the ITC MSME E-Commerce Competitiveness Survey and ITC’s contribution to the Aid for Trade at a Glance 2017 on closing the small business and gender gap will be discussed during the session to illustrate the potential for a more inclusive e-commerce ecosystem for MSMEs and for women entrepreneurs in developing countries, and showcase how effective trade policy can help support this.

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Moderator
avatar for Marion Jansen

Marion Jansen

Chief Economist, International Trade Centre
Marion Jansen is the Chief Economist of the International Trade Centre (ITC), responsible for ITC’s flagship publication “SME Competitiveness Outlook” and the institution’s recent publications on e-commerce. She also oversees ITC’s work on export strategies. Marion previously... Read More →

Speakers
avatar for Chandrajit Banerjee

Chandrajit Banerjee

General Director, Confederation of Indian Industry
Chandrajit Banerjee has been with the Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) for over 30 years and since 2008 as its Director General. He has led many CII initiatives on economic and industry related policies. He has also been working for the Indian Industry to enhance competitiveness... Read More →
avatar for Alexander Mora Delgado

Alexander Mora Delgado

Ministro, Ministerio de Comercio Exterior Costa Rica
Alexander Mora was appointed Minister of Foreign Trade of Costa Rica on May 8 2014. As Foreign Trade Minister, Mr. Mora oversees Costa Rica´s foreign trade and investment portfolios, as well as the relationship with multilateral organizations like the WTO, OECD, SIECA, among others. Mr... Read More →
avatar for Arancha González

Arancha González

Executive Director, International Trade Centre (ITC)
Arancha González has served as Executive Director of ITC, the joint agency of the United Nations and the World Trade Organization, since September 2013. Before joining ITC, Ms. González was Chief of Staff to World Trade Organization Director-General Pascal Lamy from 2005 to 2013... Read More →
avatar for François Martins

François Martins

Manager for Government Relations and Public Policy, Mercado Libre
François Martins is Mercado Libre’s (NASDAQ:MELI) manager for Government Relations and Public Policy based in Brazil. François builds bridges between Mercado Libre’s business needs and the public sector's programmes and goals to achieve a better and sounder business environement... Read More →
avatar for Mr. Alioune Sarr

Mr. Alioune Sarr

Minister of Commerce, Informal Sector, Consumer Affairs, Promotion of Local Products and SMEs, Senegal
Before being appointed to the Government of Senegal, Mr. Alioune Sarr was Director General of the Senegalese Agency for Export Promotion (ASEPEX). In this position he launched major projects and conducted missions for the positioning of products and services “Made in Senegal... Read More →
avatar for Longyue Zhao

Longyue Zhao

Professor and Dean, School of International Governance Innovation, Guangdong University of Foreign Studies
Dr. Longyue Zhao is an experienced international economist in China. He currently is an University Professor and Dean of the School of International Governance Innovation at Guangdong University of Foreign Studies. The School is focus on issues of the WTO, international rule making... Read More →



Monday December 11, 2017 5:00pm - 6:30pm
Theater - San Martin Bolsa de Cereales, Buenos Aires, Argentina
 
Tuesday, December 12
 

9:00am

Economic Gender Gaps, Trade and Economic Growth
The Sustainable Development Goals recognize gender equality as a major prerequisite to achieve inclusive development worldwide by 2030. In its Goal 5, the 2030 Agenda recognizes the unequal burden that unpaid work represents for women and the endemic gender discrimination in labor markets as main obstacles for women to achieve full potential (Economic and Social Council 66, 2017). The average amount of time spent on unpaid domestic and care work is more than threefold higher for women than men, according to survey data form 83 countries and areas (Economic and Social Council 66, 2017). Women are still underrepresented in managerial positions: in the majority of the 67 countries with data from 2009 to 2015, less than a third of senior and middle management positions were held by women (E/66/2017).Recognition of associated factors to labor market gender gaps is a first step to identify policies that help to bridge them. These interventions represent an efficient investment in sustainable development, as there is evidence of how much would economic benefits outweigh the costs (Bandiera & Natrak, 2014). According to a study, closing the gender gap could increase the size of the global economy by USD 2.1 trillion (McKinsey Global Institute, 2017). The panel will review that evidence briefly to lay the foundations for the central inquiries: ¿What policies should governments enact and what is the best way to redistribute initial costs? Besides, the speakers will consider what it means to incorporate a gender perspective in economic, labor and social policies. For instance, recent experiences in trade liberalization showed different impacts on the wellbeing of men and women; this makes a strong case for the need to include gender considerations in trade policy evaluation. No policy is neutral and the achievement of gender equality requires the recognition of this fact by policymakers.  

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Moderator
avatar for Martin Rapetti

Martin Rapetti

Director, Economic Development Programme of CIPPEC
Martin Rapetti is Director of the Economic Development Programme of CIPPEC. He holds a PhD. in Economics from the University of Massachusetts, Amherst and an undergraduate degree in Economics from the University of Buenos Aires. He is an associate researcher at CONICET, associate... Read More →

Speakers
avatar for Susana Balbo

Susana Balbo

Mother, first female winemaker in Argentina, entrepreneur, successful businesswoman and Congresswoman.After graduating cum laude with a degree in Enology in 1981, Susana Balbo became the first female winemaker in Argentina’s history, and her first vintage of high quality Torrontés... Read More →
avatar for Carolina Castro

Carolina Castro

Executive Sherpa, Business 20
Carolina Castro is Executive Sherpa at the Business 20, an international employer’s forum that makes policy recommendations to the G20 countries. She was Undersecretary for Small and Medium Enterprises at the Production Ministry of Argentina. Previously, she worked in the family... Read More →
avatar for Mona Küppers

Mona Küppers

Chair, National Council of German Women’s Organizations
Mona Küppers is a marketing expert and works for the Institute for Sports Science of the University Duisburg-Essen. For many years she held decision making positions in an honorary capacity within the Deutscher Olympischer Sportbund (German Olympic Sports Confederation - DOSB). Her... Read More →
avatar for Triaca Lorena

Triaca Lorena

External Affairs Director, Argentina Investment and Trade Promotion Agency
Mrs. Triaca is a seasoned professional with expertise in both public and private sectors. She has developed her skills within the telecommunications industry as well as being Adviser to the Minister of Interior. Currently She is the Executive External Affairs Director at the Argentina... Read More →
avatar for Irene Natividad

Irene Natividad

President, Global Summit of Women
Irene Natividad, a recognized leader for women in the United States and throughout the world, is President of the Global Summit of Women, an annual international gathering of women leaders from around the world on business and economic issues, and Chair of Corporate Women Directors... Read More →
avatar for Martin Rapetti

Martin Rapetti

Director, Economic Development Programme of CIPPEC
Martin Rapetti is Director of the Economic Development Programme of CIPPEC. He holds a PhD. in Economics from the University of Massachusetts, Amherst and an undergraduate degree in Economics from the University of Buenos Aires. He is an associate researcher at CONICET, associate... Read More →



Tuesday December 12, 2017 9:00am - 10:30am
Theater - San Martin Bolsa de Cereales, Buenos Aires, Argentina

9:00am

Win-Win: How International trade Can Help Meet the SDGs
The recently agreed Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are expected to guide development through the 2030 time horizon. The 17 SDGs cover many areas, such as poverty, health, sustainable development, and the environment. Given that trade is not an end in itself, there is no specific SDG goal for trade, but it is recognized as an important means of implementation. The objective of this session is to discuss the contribution that international trade can make to achieving the SDGs.

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Speakers
avatar for Yann Duval

Yann Duval

Chief,a.i. Trade Policy and Facilitation Section, United Nations ESCAP
Dr. Duval led the preparation of the Asia-Pacific Trade and Investment Report 2017 on "Channelling Trade and Investment into Sustainable Development", launched at UN ESCAP in October this year. Over the past 15 years, Dr. Duval has conducted research and delivered technical assistance... Read More →
avatar for Matthias Helble

Matthias Helble

Senior Economist, Co-Chair, Research Department, Asian Development Bank Institute
Matthias Helble is Senior Economist and Co-Chair of the Research Department at ADBI. His research interests include international trade, health and climate change. His research has been published in prominent scientific journals, books and flagship reports of international organizations... Read More →
avatar for Frans lammersen

Frans lammersen

principal administrator, OECD
Frans Lammersen is Principal Administrator with the Organisation for Economic Development and Co-operation (OECD) since 1997. In the Development Co-operation Directorate that services the Development Assistance Committee (DAC) he is, inter alia, responsible for the committee’s work... Read More →
avatar for Guido Gustavo Porto

Guido Gustavo Porto

Professor, University of La Plata
Guido Gustavo Porto is a Professor of Economics at Universidad Nacional de La Plata (UNLP) in Argentina. Previously he was an Economist at the Research Department of the World Bank. He obtained his Ph.D. in Economics from Princeton University in 2002. Professor Porto’s research... Read More →



Tuesday December 12, 2017 9:00am - 10:30am
Breakout Room 2 - Sarmiento

10:45am

Making trade work for gender equality: From evidence to action
Establishing clear links between trade policy and overarching goals, including gender equality and women's economic empowerment, is critical to contribute to making trade a tool for sustainable development.  Closing gender gaps in the economic domain will not only advance women's economic empowerment but also support progress towards achieving the SDGs.
Trade policy is not gender neutral. The distributional outcomes of trade vary between women and men. Moreover, women are not a homogenous group and, therefore, they are differently impacted by trade depending on their income, position in the labour market, educational level, ethnicity, etc. If trade policies are designed without taking into account their gender-specific outcomes, these policies risk magnifying existing gender gaps.
There are at least three ways for making trade policy more gender sensitive. The first one is to complement the assessment of the risks and benefits of trade policy for a country as a whole with an analysis of its potential impacts on those who risk being "left behind", including women and girls. Such an ex-ante gender impact assessment may lead to the re-thinking of planned trade reforms, may point to the need for accompanying measures, or may indicate the need for scaling up the trade measures because of their expected positive impact.  UNCTAD has developed a methodological approach for the ex-ante gender impact assessment of trade reforms, the Trade and Gender Toolbox, and has successfully tested it in East Africa. The second way to make trade policy more responsive to the specific need of women is to include gender considerations in the text of the trade measures, including trade agreements. Recently, gender issues have started to be addressed in specific trade and gender chapters of trade agreements. This is for instance the case of the  Chile-Uruguay and Canada-Chile FTAs.  
Finally, a third way to make trade policy more gender sensitive points to the need of ensuring policy coherence between trade and other policies and an enabling environment at all levels. For instance, developing countries' participation in GVCs have created large-scale employment and skill development opportunities for women. Such opportunities have, however, been accompanied by some risks that need to be addressed by appropriate flanking measures.

Additional information on the event and related documents

UNCTAD events on the margins of the Eleventh WTO Ministerial Conference

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Moderator
avatar for Ricardo Meléndez-Ortiz

Ricardo Meléndez-Ortiz

Chief Executive, International Center for Trade and Sustainable Development
Ricardo MELÉNDEZ-ORTIZ (@RMelendezOrtiz) is co-founder of ICTSD and has been its Chief Executive since 1996. Previously, he co-founded and was General Director of Fundación Futuro Latinoamericano (Quito). He has represented Colombia as a negotiator in several multilateral fora, including as permanent delegate of Colombia... Read More →

Speakers
avatar for Alicia Bárcena

Alicia Bárcena

Executive Secretary, UNECLAC
Alicia Bárcena is the Executive Secretary of the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) where she previously held the positions of Deputy Executive Secretary and Director of the Environment and Human Settlements Division. Prior to her time in ECLAC, Alicia... Read More →
avatar for François-Philippe Champagne

François-Philippe Champagne

Minister of International Trade, Canada
François-Philippe Champagne was elected the Member of Parliament for Saint-Maurice-Champlain on October 19, 2015. A few weeks later, he was appointed Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister of Finance of Canada, a position he held until January 10, 2017, when he was appointed Minister... Read More →
avatar for Isabelle Durant

Isabelle Durant

Deputy Secretary-General, UNCTAD
Ms. Isabelle Durant (Belgium) took office as Deputy Secretary-General of UNCTAD on 3 July 2017. Ms. Durant had a distinguished career in Belgian and European politics. She held the offices of Deputy Prime Minister, Minister of Transport and Energy and Senator in the Belgian Government... Read More →
avatar for H.E. Terhi Hakala

H.E. Terhi Hakala

Ambassador and Permanent Representative, Permanent Mission of Finland to the United Nations Office
Ambassador Hakala was appointed Permanent Representative of Finland to the United Nations Office, WTO and other international organizations in Geneva in September 2016. Prior to that she served as Director-General of the Department of Russia, Eastern Europe and Central Asia at the... Read More →
avatar for Rodolfo Nin Novoa

Rodolfo Nin Novoa

Minister of Foreign Affairs, Uruguay
Rodolfo Nin Novoa was appointed Minister of Foreign Affairs of Uruguay in March 2015. He was formerly Vice President of Uruguay from 2005 to 2010. As a senator during the period 1999-2004 and 2010-2015, he presided several Parliament Commissions. Prior to his public career, Chancellor... Read More →
avatar for Oscar Stenström

Oscar Stenström

State Secretary to the Minister, EU Affairs and Trade
Oskar Stenström is State Secretary to the Minister for EU Affairs and Trade, Mrs. Ann Linde, at the Ministry for Foreign Affairs in Sweden with the responsibility for EU affairs, trade policy, EU single market as well as promotion of trade, investment and Sweden. From 2014 to 2016... Read More →
avatar for Simonetta Zarrilli

Simonetta Zarrilli

Chief of the Trade, Gender and Development Programme, UNCTAD
Simonetta Zarrilli is the chief of the Trade, Gender and Development Programme of UNCTAD and the organization's Gender Focal Point. Under her leadership, the Programme provides analytical and policy support to member countries on the gender implications of trade policy, and trains... Read More →



Tuesday December 12, 2017 10:45am - 12:10pm
Theater - San Martin Bolsa de Cereales, Buenos Aires, Argentina

10:45am

Real Market Access for Real LDC Services Exports - Smartening up the Tools

The future of trade lies in services, and LDCs export many of them. But clearly, not nearly enough. LDCs must have a strong services industry. Without LDCs effectively participating in the world of value chains, servicification and automation, the integrity of the world trading system is in peril. The 2011 LDCs Services Waiver, as much as various FTA negotiations involving services, shifted focus on market access for services, particularly from LDCs. While many other issues including infrastructure, national regulation, financing, business know how and others obviously affect the ability of LDCs to export services, market access in target markets matters greatly.

LDC service providers, wherever they operate, tend to confirm that regulatory, tax, discriminatory treatment and classical market access issues operate as significant, sometimes formidable - and yet avoidable - obstacles to their bona fide trade. The 2011 LDC Services Waiver offers WTO Members the possibility to grant preferences to services imports from LDCs. Since 2013 a process of “operationalization” has been under way. As of 2015 twenty-four WTO Members, including all developed and several developing countries, have detailed their preferences for LDC services through notifications to the WTO. The effective value of the preferences for LDC services exports is under discussion.

UNCTAD has commissioned four pilot studies on what LDCs services and service providers need, whether waiver preferences address this need, and what more can and should be done. This session provides an opportunity for an early discussion in the broader context of market access for LDC services – under GATS; FTAs and unilateral preferences.

UNCTAD events on the margins of the Eleventh WTO Ministerial Conference

Watch this session on YouTube

Moderator
avatar for Hannes Schloemann

Hannes Schloemann

Director, WTI Advisors
is a Director of WTI Advisors Ltd. (Oxford/Geneva), a professional advisory firm focused on trade policy, law and economics, and a Partner with MSBH Bernzen Sonntag Rechtsanwälte. Hannes advises governments, their missions, businesses, NGOs and IGOs on trade law and policy, from... Read More →

Speakers
avatar for Meen Bahadur Bishwakarma

Meen Bahadur Bishwakarma

Minister for Commerce, Government of Nepal
Mr. Meen Bahadur Bishwakarma, Minister for Commerce, Government of Nepal, has been serving as Central Working Committee member of Nepali Congress Party, the oldest active democratic political party of Nepal, for 8 years. He is also the President of Nepal Dalit Sangha (a national level... Read More →
avatar for H. E. Dr Bekele Buldao

H. E. Dr Bekele Buldao

Minister of Trade, Ethiopia
Discussant
avatar for H. E. Mr. Sultan Chouzour

H. E. Mr. Sultan Chouzour

Ambassador of Comoros to the United Nations and Head of Delegation to the WTO Ministerial Conference (MC11)
Discussant
avatar for Hadil Hijazi

Hadil Hijazi

Director, WTI Advisors
Hadil Hijazi is a Director of WTI Advisors Ltd. (Oxford/Geneva), a specialized provider of advisory services on trade law, economics and policy. She advises governments, international organisations, NGOs and others on trade and economic policy. Her practice focuses on trade policy... Read More →
avatar for H. E. Mr. Joffre Van-Dunem Junior

H. E. Mr. Joffre Van-Dunem Junior

Minister of Trade, Angola
Discussant
avatar for Mukisa Kituyi

Mukisa Kituyi

Dr. Mukisa Kituyi is UNCTAD's seventh Secretary-General. Before joining UNCTAD in 2013, Mr. Kituyi was Chief Executive of the Kenya Institute of Governance, and Fellow of the Brookings Institution in Washington, D.C.. Mr. Kituyi was a member of a team of experts advising the East... Read More →
avatar for H. E. Ms. Amelia Anne Kyambadde

H. E. Ms. Amelia Anne Kyambadde

Minister of Trade, Industry and Cooperatives, Uganda
Discussant
BM

Billy Maijani

First Secretary (Trade), Permanent Mission of Zambia
avatar for H. E. Mr. Tefo Mapesela

H. E. Mr. Tefo Mapesela

Minister of Trade and Industry, Lesotho
Discussant
avatar for H. E. Mr. Henry Mussa

H. E. Mr. Henry Mussa

Minister of Industry, Trade and Tourism, Malawi
Discussant
avatar for H. E. Mr. Bary Emmanuel Rafatrolaza

H. E. Mr. Bary Emmanuel Rafatrolaza

Secretary of State to the Minister of Foreing Affairs in charge of Cooperation and Development, Madagascar
Discussant
avatar for Pan Sorasak

Pan Sorasak

Minister of Commerce, Cambodia
avatar for Teppo Tauriainen

Teppo Tauriainen

Director General for Trade, Ministry for Foreign Affairs at Sweden
Mr Tauriainen has been Director General for Trade in Sweden since September 2017. Prior to this assignment, Mr Tauriainen was Deputy Director General and Head of the Americas Department, Swedish Ministry for Foreign Affairs, a position he held between 2017-2014. Previously, he served... Read More →



Tuesday December 12, 2017 10:45am - 12:15pm
Breakout Room 2 - Sarmiento

1:30pm

Making Trade More Equitable: How A Progressive Trade Agenda Could Share the Benefits of Trade Labour, Women and Indigenous Peoples

CIGI’s International Law Research Program (ILRP) is delighted to host this panel as a Knowledge Partner of the ICTSD’s Trade and Sustainable Development Symposium in Buenos Aires, Argentina.

We have entered a moment of profound challenge for open societies.  Overall poverty levels worldwide are diminishing with deepened trade, notably but not exclusively in China.  Yet inequality within and across states is at record levels.  The benefits of trade do not appear to have been evenly distributed, such that many workers consider themselves to be trade’s losers forced to bear the individualized risk of economic restructuring, and women and Indigenous peoples wonder if they will ever experience firsthand the benefits of participating in international trade. The dawning awareness of the uneven distribution of the benefits of international trade stokes fear and cynicism about globalization and calls for more trade protectionism.

This panel calls attention to the perceived mismatch between existing provisions in trade agreements, and the concerns about the impact of trade on labour and employment, and the need to ensure that global trade is inclusive of women and indigenous peoples. This panel will review existing trade agreements. It will consider the potential to enhance participation of labour, women and Indigenous peoples, and reinforce progressive social values while promoting global economic growth.  It is particularly concerned to canvass the important role that might be played by individual states in fostering an inclusive trade agenda and progressive trade adjustment measures.  It seeks to push thinking further, to consider whether and how regional economic agreements might become sites through which to rethink distributive justice.  It will bring together leading experts on the interface between human rights and labour law, trade law, and development to discuss how core social values of inclusion, equity and the right to decent work might better be embedded in regional and multilateral economic agreements.

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Moderator
avatar for Oonagh Fitzgerald

Oonagh Fitzgerald

Director of the International Law Research Program, Centre for International Governance Innovation (CIGI)
As director of CIGI’s International Law Research Program, Oonagh Fitzgerald established and oversees CIGI’s international law research agenda, which includes policy relevant research on issues of international economic law, environmental law, intellectual property law and innovation... Read More →

Speakers
avatar for Adelle Blackett

Adelle Blackett

Canada Research Chair in Transnational Labour Law and Development, Faculty of Law, McGill University
Adelle Blackett is Professor of Law & Canada Research Chair in Transnational Labour Law and Development at the Faculty of Law, McGill University, and directs the Labour Law and Development Research Laboratory. She holds a B.A. from Queen’s, LL.B. & B.C.L. from McGill, and LL.M... Read More →
avatar for Valerie Hughes

Valerie Hughes

Adjunct Assistant Professor, Queen's University
Valerie Hughes is a CIGI senior fellow and an adjunct assistant professor of law at Queen’s University. An expert in international trade law and international dispute settlement, she served as director of the Legal Affairs Division of the World Trade Organization (WTO) from 2010... Read More →
avatar for Alvaro Santos

Alvaro Santos

Professor, Georgetown Law
Alvaro Santos is Professor of Law and Director of the Center for the Advancement of the Rule of Law in the Americas (CAROLA) at Georgetown University. He teaches and writes in the areas of international trade, economic development, transnational labor law and the future of NAFTA... Read More →
avatar for Risa Schwartz

Risa Schwartz

Risa Schwartz International Law
Risa Schwartz is a sole practitioner, focusing on international law and the intersections between trade law, environmental law and Indigenous rights. Risa was formerly a senior research fellow with CIGI's International Law Research Program. In that role, she researched law and policy... Read More →



Tuesday December 12, 2017 1:30pm - 3:00pm
Breakout Room 3 - Rivadavia

1:30pm

The Digital Economy And Innovative Partnerships: New Opportunities For Sustainability Standards

Sustainability standards and the increasing demand of consumers in both developed and developing countries for sustainably produced goods and services offer great potential for achieving the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). At the same time, they can have an adverse effect if producers and exporters from developing countries are able to meet these requirements.

As sustainability demands increase, producers and firms of all sizes and at all levels and locations along the supply chain need to adjust and monitor practices in order to meet consumer expectations and their own Corporate Social Responsibility principles. Through sustainability standards, producers in developing countries can access new and/or more remunerative markets, whilst investing in better social and environmental production conditions. When they are successful, standards can help create decent work and economic growth. However, compliance to standards and technical regulations is especially challenging for small and medium enterprises (SME) from developing countries.

As standards proliferate, the needs for harmonization, conformity assessment and transparency become more evident. Effective partnerships and cooperation mechanisms can importantly contribute to better aligning the sustainability and trade agendas. These include cooperation between the private and the public sector, among standards setting organizations and between international organization working on trade and sustainability issues.

The session seeks to bring together different perspective to these issues and discuss what forms effective cooperation should take to ensure that sustainability standards contribute to sustainable trade and support the SDGs.

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Moderator
avatar for Judith Fessehaie

Judith Fessehaie

Trade and Development Manager, International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development
Judith Fessehaie is a Programme Manager and leads the ICTSD’s Trade and Development programme. Before joining ICTSD, Judith worked as a senior consultant at the Centre for Competition, Regulation and Economic Development (CCRED), Johannesburg, in the area of industrial development... Read More →

Speakers
avatar for Maria Amparo Alban

Maria Amparo Alban

Executive Director, ACDC Consulting
María Amparo Albán is a lawyer and consultant based in Quito. Studied law at the Pontifical Catholic University (PUCE) and has a master degree in economic law from the Andean University Simon Bolivar (UASB).  Has studied international trade negotiation at Harvard and Columbia University... Read More →
avatar for Alicia Frohmann

Alicia Frohmann

Consultant, CEPAL/ECLAC
Alicia Frohmann is a trade policy and export promotion expert, with experience both as a policy maker in Chile and as a consultant to developing countries. She was Technical Coordinator of Chile’s free-trade negotiations with the US, and Director of ProChile, the international trade... Read More →
avatar for Rupa Ganguli

Rupa Ganguli

Founder and CEO, Inclusive Trade Ltd.
Rupa is the Founder and CEO of Inclusivetrade.com, a revolutionary new online retail B2C platform, that provides consumers with the ability to ‘#ShopByImpact’. While empowering small businesses, artists and female entrepreneurs, inclusivetrade.com connects tradition with technology... Read More →
avatar for Ulrich Höcker

Ulrich Höcker

Ulrich Höcker is currently Head of the Sustainable Economic Development and Digitization Section at Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ), Department of Sector and Global Programmes. His focus is on Economic Policy, SME promotion as well as Local and Regional... Read More →
avatar for Marjorie Lopes Miranda

Marjorie Lopes Miranda

Marjorie Miranda is Project Coordinator of Sustainability and Social Responsibility at CECAFÉ – Brazilian Coffee Exporters Council. Responsible for implementing and managing programs addressed to socio-environmental matters with the goal to improve sustainability within the coffee... Read More →
avatar for Luiz Eduardo Rielli

Luiz Eduardo Rielli

Senior Sustainable Development and International Cooperation Advisor
Luiz Rielli is a senior sustainable development and international cooperation expert and consultant. He is currently working with strategy, governance and innovation approaches in order to implement the 2030 Agenda in Latin America and Africa. He has worked as corporate sustainability... Read More →



Tuesday December 12, 2017 1:30pm - 3:00pm
Breakout Room 2 - Sarmiento

5:00pm

Rapid e-Trade Readiness Assessments: A tool to help the Least Developed Countries (LDCs) drive economic growth, inclusive trade and job creation from e-commerce
Assessing the opportunities and challenges that the Least Developed Countries (LDC) face towards e-commerce is frequently hampered by a lack of reliable information.  Many LDCs don’t have the information or technology available to assess and evaluate e-commerce and trade in the digital economy in their countries, which is a barrier to selecting priority areas for advancements and further development.

This session will present the findings of new Rapid e-Trade Readiness Assessments of the LDCs conducted by the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD). The assessments by UNCTAD provide the current e-commerce and digital trade situation in selected countries and serve as a tool for LDCs to identify opportunities, barriers and relevant policy measures. A number of these assessments are being conducted under the umbrella of the Enhanced Integrated Framework (EIF) partnership.

These assessments report on the current state of e-commerce, offering fresh insights into the challenges and opportunities faced by LDCs on infrastructure and services, trade logistics and trade facilitation, payment solutions, legal and regulatory frameworks, e-commerce skills development and access to financing.

The session will begin with opening remarks and a short presentation by UNCTAD of the latest findings from the Rapid e-Trade Readiness Assessments. The session will then explore key challenges and opportunities of e-commerce in LDCs through a panel discussion with representatives of LDCs, donors, EIF, UNCTAD and the private sector.

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Moderator
avatar for Shamika N. Sirimanne

Shamika N. Sirimanne

Director Division on Technology and Logistics, United Nations Conference on Trade and Development
Ms. Shamika N. Sirimanne is Director, Division on Technology and Logistics (DTL), UNCTAD.Ms. Sirimanne has extensive experience in development policy, research and technical cooperation gained from international organizations, national governments, think tanks and universities. She... Read More →

Speakers
avatar for Ratnakar Adhikari

Ratnakar Adhikari

Executive Director, Executive Secretariat for the EIF, EIF
Mr Ratnakar Adhikari has been the Executive Director of the Enhanced Integrated Framework at the World Trade Organization since October 2013.Prior to this assignment, Mr Adhikari was the Chief Executive Director of South Asia Watch on Trade, Economics and Environment (SAWTEE), a Kathmandu-based... Read More →
avatar for Isabelle Durant

Isabelle Durant

Deputy Secretary-General, UNCTAD
Ms. Isabelle Durant (Belgium) took office as Deputy Secretary-General of UNCTAD on 3 July 2017. Ms. Durant had a distinguished career in Belgian and European politics. She held the offices of Deputy Prime Minister, Minister of Transport and Energy and Senator in the Belgian Government... Read More →
avatar for Chandra Kumar Ghimire

Chandra Kumar Ghimire

Secretary, Ministry of Commerce
Mr. Chandra Kumar Ghimire, the Secretary of Ministry of Commerce, Government of Nepal, has been serving for more than 25 years in various roles and capacities. Prior to his current appointment, he was the Secretary at the Office of Prime Minister and Council of Ministers and the National... Read More →
avatar for Peseta Noumea Simi

Peseta Noumea Simi

Chief Executive Officer
avatar for Teppo Tauriainen

Teppo Tauriainen

Director General for Trade, Ministry for Foreign Affairs at Sweden
Mr Tauriainen has been Director General for Trade in Sweden since September 2017. Prior to this assignment, Mr Tauriainen was Deputy Director General and Head of the Americas Department, Swedish Ministry for Foreign Affairs, a position he held between 2017-2014. Previously, he served... Read More →
avatar for Dominik Ziller

Dominik Ziller

Director-General for International Development Policy, Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)
Dominik Ziller heads the Directorate-General for International Development Policy at the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development. His responsibili¬ties include the European Union's development cooperation, the United Nations, the World Bank Group, the regional... Read More →



Tuesday December 12, 2017 5:00pm - 6:30pm
Breakout Room 3 - Rivadavia
 
Wednesday, December 13
 

10:45am

Agricultural Trade, Employment and Poverty Reduction: Experiences from Latin America and the Caribbean Region
The elimination of poverty and the promotion of inclusive economic growth are among the key goals of Agenda 2030, wherein trade is recognized as one of the “means of implementation” for achieving the goals. With the agriculture sector accounting for over 70% of employment and 30% of GDP in the poorest countries of the world, trade in agro-food products has the potential to significantly impact rural employment, incomes and poverty, and thus, the achievement of these goals.
This session aims to discuss the linkages between trade, employment and poverty reduction in the Latin America and the Caribbean region, where some countries are major exporters of agricultural commodities to world markets, while for others food imports remain important. In particular, the focus will be on:
• The role of agricultural support and social protection policies: agriculture is often among the most sensitive sectors in countries at all levels of development. Therefore, market incentives in agriculture are often influenced by agricultural support and trade policy measures, which affect the levels of production and trade of agro-food products, and ultimately, the economic activities through which people derive their livelihoods. Complimentary policies such as social protection and labour market measures are also important determinants of the employment and incomes.  
• Implications of the globalization of agricultural value chains: with production processes increasingly fragmented and reorganized across different countries, trade is increasingly taking place within firms or as part of supply chains organized by lead firms. In this setting, standards (both public and private) in end markets, along with the level of competition along these value chains become important determinants of labour market outcomes and levels of poverty.    
Following a brief introduction by the moderator, the panelists will be asked to address these key issues through a series of guiding questions.

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Moderator
avatar for Georgios Mermigkas

Georgios Mermigkas

Economist, Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations
Georgios joined the FAO Trade and Markets Division in May 2016, as a member of the trade team, dealing with issues related to trade and food security and trade agreements. He has previously worked for the FAO Geneva Office as a trade and food security officer, monitoring the WTO negotiations... Read More →

Speakers
avatar for Julio Berdegué

Julio Berdegué

Assistant Director-General and Regional Representative for Latin America and the Caribbean, Food and Agriculture Organization
Dr. Julio A. Berdegué is FAO Assistant Director-General and Regional Representative for Latin America and theCaribbean since the 22nd of April 2017.Dr. Berdegué, a national of Mexico, holds a Ph.D. in Social Science from Wageningen University, TheNetherlands, and a Master of Science... Read More →
avatar for Eugenio Diaz-Bonilla

Eugenio Diaz-Bonilla

Senior Research Fellow, Head of Latin America and Caribbean Programme, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)
 Dr. Eugenio Díaz-Bonilla holds a Master of Arts in Economics and a Ph.D. in Economics obtained from the Department of Economics at The Johns Hopkins University. He has been a Visiting Senior Research Fellow at the International Food Policy Research Institute since april 2012, focusing... Read More →
avatar for Arancha González

Arancha González

Executive Director, International Trade Centre
Arancha González has served as Executive Director of ITC, the joint agency of the United Nations and the World Trade Organization, since September 2013. Before joining ITC, Ms. González was Chief of Staff to World Trade Organization Director-General Pascal Lamy from 2005 to 2013... Read More →
avatar for Ekaterina Krivonos

Ekaterina Krivonos

Economist, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Ekaterina Krivonos leads the work of the Trade Team in the Trade and Markets Division of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) in Rome, Italy. Her experience is focused on analyzing trade policy issues in relation to agricultural markets and food security... Read More →



Wednesday December 13, 2017 10:45am - 12:15pm
Theater - San Martin Bolsa de Cereales, Buenos Aires, Argentina

3:15pm

Up to Standard – How to Master the Quality Infrastructure Challenge in International Trade
The session focuses on the role of QI in promoting inclusive economic transformation in developing countries. The ability to participate in global trade depends on a well-functioning and reliable quality infrastructure (QI) system – consisting of standardization, metrology, testing, quality management, certification and accreditation. Yet, this basic support system is not always available or fully-functional in developing countries. Especially small producers and SMEs encounter severe barriers and either incur high costs and lengthy procedures to acquire the necessary services abroad or are prevented altogether from trading. The sessions will explore how partnerships and international cooperation in the area of quality infrastructure can support producers in complying with the increasing number of sustainability standards and technical regulations. Experiences from Latin America, among others, will enrich the debate.

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Moderator
avatar for Pinar Artiran

Pinar Artiran

WTO Chair, Director of the Research Center for International Trade Law and Arbitration, Istanbul Bilgi University
I am the WTO Chair Holder and the Director of the Research Center for International Trade Law and Arbitration at Istanbul Bilgi University. My work and research is related to the WTO Law and principles, in particular Regional Trade Agreements, Non-tariff barriers, GATS, Trade remedies... Read More →

Speakers
avatar for Alejandro Jara

Alejandro Jara

Former Deputy Director General, Ambassador and Permanent Representative of Chile to the WTO
Alejandro Jara was born in 1949 in Santiago, Chile. He obtained his law degree from the University of Chile in 1973. He pursued graduate studies at the Law School, University of California at Berkeley (1975–1976). In 1976, he joined the Foreign Service of Chile where he specialized... Read More →
avatar for Héctor Laiz

Héctor Laiz

Gerente de Metrología, Calidad y Ambiente, Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Industrial (INTI)
Héctor Laiz received the diploma in electrical engineering from the University of Buenos Aires in 1988 and the Doctorate Degree from the Technische Universität Braunschweig, Germany, in 1999. In 1989, he joined the INTI, the National Metrology Institute of Argentina, where he was... Read More →
avatar for Andrei Mikhnev

Andrei Mikhnev

Head, Trade and Competitiveness Middle East and North Africa, World Bank
Andrei Mikhnev has more than twenty years of international development experience focusing mostly on the private sector development. He worked in Latin America, Sub-Saharan Africa, South Asia, Middle East and North Africa, Europe and Central Asia. He is now Head in the World Bank... Read More →
avatar for Dominik Ziller

Dominik Ziller

Director-General for International Development Policy, Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)
Dominik Ziller heads the Directorate-General for International Development Policy at the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development. His responsibili¬ties include the European Union's development cooperation, the United Nations, the World Bank Group, the regional... Read More →
avatar for Christopher Cortés Zúñiga

Christopher Cortés Zúñiga

Quality Manager, LACOMET
Christopher Cortés Zúñiga is Quality Manager of the Laboratorio Costarricense de Metrología (LACOMET). Before that, he was advisor to the Minister of Transport of Costa Rica on issues of transport sector planning and quality management systems, and responsible for institutional... Read More →



Wednesday December 13, 2017 3:15pm - 4:45pm
Theater - San Martin Bolsa de Cereales, Buenos Aires, Argentina