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The biennial Trade and Sustainable Development Symposium, organised by the International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development (ICTSD) and held alongside the WTO ministerial conference for over a decade, is the leading multi-stakeholder platform for intellectual enquiry and dialogue on sustainable development and the global trade and investment system. It acts as an inclusive platform outside of the WTO negotiating setting for sharing ideas, engaging in dialogue, and influencing trade policy negotiations. Drawing in participants from government, business and civil society, the Symposium helps to maintain and elaborate a global vision of sustainable development in trade and investment policymaking.

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Natural Resources and Sustainability [clear filter]
Monday, December 11
 

9:00am

Food Security, Biotechnology and WTO Rules
WTO rules set up different disciplines related to the promotion of a fair international trade of agricultural products. Particularly the Agreement of Agriculture and the Agreement of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures estipulates several principles to be follow by all WTO Members. biotechnology is a well known technology applied in several countries but with a large numbers of regulatory restrictions for adoption, production, use and consumption. biotechnology is a tool to attend the increasing demand of food in a world with scarcity. biotechonology is a real tool to reduce problems of food security and WTO has disciplines that allow Members to approve biotechnology materials for food consumption based on science.

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Moderator
avatar for Carmen Vicien

Carmen Vicien

Profesor, Facultad de Agronomía - UBA
Carmen Vicién es Ingeniera Agrónoma egresada de la Facultad de Agronomía de la Universidad de Buenos Aires. Realizó estudios de posgrado en Francia (Institut Agronomique Méditerranéen de Montpellier y Universidad de París I- Sorbona).En la actualidad es Profesora Regular Titular... Read More →

Speakers
avatar for Roberto Bisang

Roberto Bisang

Profesor Investigador, Fac Ciencias Economicas - UBA
ROBERTO BISANG. Licenciado en Economía (UNR, 1977) y Msc. en Economía (CEMA, 1982). Profesor Visitante de Science Policy Research Unit (Universidad de Sussex, UK).Investigador del Instituto Interdisciplinario de Economía Política (IIEP) FCE/UBA y del Centro de Investigación y... Read More →
avatar for Valentina Delich

Valentina Delich

Secretaria Academica, FLACSO
Valentina Delich, actualmente es Secretaria Académica de la FLACSO-Argentina.  Abogada (UBA), MA in International Relations (The American University), Doctora en Derecho Internacional (UBA). Profesora regular Derecho Internacional Público (UBA), propiedad intelectual (FLACSO e... Read More →



Monday December 11, 2017 9:00am - 10:30am
Breakout Room 3 - Rivadavia

10:45am

Elimination of harmful fisheries subsidies: MC11's Low Hanging Fish
An agreement on the elimination of harmful subsidies by 2020, in line with the Sustainable Development Goal #14 (the "Ocean SDG") and the UN 2030 Agenda adopted in September 2015, has been identified as the "low hanging fruit" for WTO MC11. In its 2017 Annual Report the WTO reports that "fisheries subsidies dominated work in the negotiating Group on Rules during 2016 [...] many WTO members saw an outcome on fisheries subsidies a 'critical area for action' for th WTO MC11 in Buenos Aires."

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Speakers
avatar for Claire Nouvian

Claire Nouvian

President, BLOOM
Claire Nouvian is an environmentalist dedicated to protecting the ocean and Claire Nouvian is an environmentalist dedicated to protecting the ocean and livelihoods from destructive fishing practices. She is particularly renowned for her commitment to putting an end to deep-sea bottom... Read More →
avatar for Remi Parmentier

Remi Parmentier

Director, The Varda Group
A founding director of the international consultancy The Varda Group, Rémi is a veteran of the international environmental movement with nearly 40 years of experience in the field. From 1979 onwards, Rémi has worked on behalf of international NGOs within multilateral bodies, to... Read More →
avatar for Peter Thomson

Peter Thomson

Special Envoy for the Ocean of the UN Secretary General, United Nations
Ambassador Peter Thomson is a senior Fijian diplomat who was recently appointed by U.N. Secretary-General Antonio Guterres as his Special Envoy for the ocean, seeking to galvanize efforts to protect the world's seas, including through the implementation of SDG14, the Sustainable Development... Read More →
avatar for David Walker

David Walker

New Zealand Ambassador to the World Trade Organization, New Zealand Permanent Mission to the World Trade Organization
Ambassador David Walker currently serves as Permanent Representative of New Zealand to the World Trade Organization. This is his third posting to Geneva. Between 2009 and April 2011 Dr Walker also served as New Zealand’s Permanent Representative to the WTO and as Chair of the Doha... Read More →




Monday December 11, 2017 10:45am - 12:15pm
Breakout Room 3 - Rivadavia

11:15am

Fossil Fuel Subsidy Reform and Trade - Understanding the Linkages
Recent years have witnessed active reform of fossil fuel subsidies at the national level with more than 40 countries capitalising on the opportunity presented by low oil prices. At the same time, G7, G20 and APEC economies have maintained and built on commitments to phase out and undertake peer reviews of fossil fuel subsidies. And yet, in 2015 it was estimated that government subsidies to fossil fuels stood at around USD 425 billion (USD 325 billion consumption subsidies and USD 100 billion to production subsidies).  

New Zealand will lead a Friends of Fossil Fuel Subsidy Reform Ministerial level event as part of the TSDS.   The objective of the event will be to share information amongst participants on  fossil fuel subsidies and trade and to promote an open discussion on the issue and following questions:
• What are the links between fossil fuel subsidies and trade?
• How do fossil fuel subsidies hold us back from trade in sustainable energy?
• How have countries delivered and benefitted from reform without harming trade?
• How have countries increased transparency on fossil fuel subsidies at the national and international level?
• What are the options for action on subsidies within the WTO and to encourage reform?

The event will also see the launch of a Ministerial Statement calling for an intensified discussion in the WTO on inefficient fossil fuel subsidies.

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Moderator
avatar for Soledad Aguilar

Soledad Aguilar

Director for Climate Change, Min.Environment and Sust.Develop., Argentina
Soledad Aguilar is an expert in international environmental law, she is Argentina’s National Director of Climate Change in the Ministry of Environment and directs the Postgraduate Course in Law and Economics of Climate Change in FLACSO Argentina. She has participated in more than... Read More →

Speakers
avatar for Alvaro Cedeño

Alvaro Cedeño

Ambassador to the WTO, Permanent Misison of Costa Rica to the WTO
Álvaro Cedeño Molinari was appointed Ambassador, Permanent Representative of Costa Rica to the WTO on February 2015. Among his responsibilities he holds his country’s representation at the OECD, in Paris, France, during the current process of accession to the membership.Previously... Read More →
avatar for David Laborde

David Laborde

Senior Research Fellow, IFPRI
His research interests include international trade, measurement and modeling of protectionism, multilateral and regional trade liberalization, and as environmental issues such as the impacts of climate change and use of biofuels. Recently, he has been focusing on costing the roadmap... Read More →
avatar for Jean-Baptiste Lemoyne

Jean-Baptiste Lemoyne

State Secretary, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, France
Jean-Baptiste Lemoyne is the French State Secretary of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. He was born on September 15th 1977, in Bourg-La-Reine, France, and studied at the “Institut d’études politiques” (“Sciences Po”) in Strasbourg, and at “l’ESSEC”. He worked for... Read More →
avatar for Kai Mykkänen

Kai Mykkänen

Minister for Foreign Trade and Development of Finland, Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Finland
Kai Mykkänen was appointed Finland's Minister for Foreign Trade and Development in June 2016. He is a Member of Parliament since 2015.Minister Mykkänen is known for his expertise on energy, Russia and the economics. He was the first chairman of the Parliament’s informal and interpartisan... Read More →
avatar for Amy Porges

Amy Porges

Principal, Porges Trade Law PLLC
Amy Porges advises companies, governments and trade associations on how to use WTO law, trade agreements and investment rules to solve complex market access problems.  She represents governments and stakeholders in negotiations and litigation in the WTO and free trade agreements... Read More →
avatar for Oscar Stenström

Oscar Stenström

State Secretary to the Minister, EU Affairs and Trade
Oskar Stenström is State Secretary to the Minister for EU Affairs and Trade, Mrs. Ann Linde, at the Ministry for Foreign Affairs in Sweden with the responsibility for EU affairs, trade policy, EU single market as well as promotion of trade, investment and Sweden. From 2014 to 2016... Read More →
avatar for Vangelis Vitalis

Vangelis Vitalis

Deputy Secretary, Trade and Economic Group, Ministry of Foriegn Affairs and Trade
Vangelis is Deputy Secretary Trade and Economic at the New Zealand Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade. He is New Zealand’s Chief Negotiator for the revised Trans-Pacific Partnership and Special Envoy for the Small Advanced Economies Initiative.He most recently served as New Zealand’s... Read More →
avatar for Peter Wooders

Peter Wooders

Group Director, Energy, IISD
Based in Geneva, he has 20 years’ experience across the energy sector, with a particular specialization in electricity generation. Peter currently contributes to various IISD’s programmes, including Trade & Climate Change, notably Border Carbon Adjustment and the GHG impacts of... Read More →



Monday December 11, 2017 11:15am - 12:45pm
Breakout Room 2 - Sarmiento

12:15pm

1:30pm

Fostering more equitable and sustainable trade in food and agricultural goods- a closer look at sustainability product standards
The flexibility of the Paris Agreement leaves considerable leeway for governments to set their own emissions targets and to design policies and measures for meeting those targets. In addition, a variety of firms and stakeholders are taking initiatives to enhance climate action irrespective of government action, not the least in the food sector. In fact, as producers strive to reduce their carbon footprint, a range of labels, standards and guidelines are emerging and proliferating, constituting a complex web of requirements which producers and exporters need to meet in order to market their products. In the context of international trade, this is on the one hand beneficial, as consumers may exercise some control over the produce they purchase, and producers can get credit for being carbon efficient. On the other hand, multiple requirements, possibly conflicting or overlapping, may effectively create barriers to trade for producers, in particular in developing countries with limited capacity. In addition, there’s the challenge of effectively recognising the efforts towards sustainability of individual producers. The evolution of this complex landscape is happening largely in parallel to the work of intergovernmental agencies dealing with related issues. The WTO indeed deals with issues related to market access and technical barriers to trade in food and agriculture, but not as a priority at MC11. In reality much of the progress is happening elsewhere, such as in bilateral or regional free trade agreements. The UNFCCC similarly takes note of how responses to climate change may cause social and economic impacts on third countries, but without taking a more proactive stance in the area of food standard and labels. 

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Moderator
avatar for Alicia Bárcena

Alicia Bárcena

Executive Secretary, UNECLAC
Alicia Bárcena is the Executive Secretary of the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) where she previously held the positions of Deputy Executive Secretary and Director of the Environment and Human Settlements Division. Prior to her time in ECLAC, Alicia... Read More →

Speakers
avatar for Soledad Aguilar

Soledad Aguilar

Director for Climate Change, Min.Environment and Sust.Develop., Argentina
Soledad Aguilar is an expert in international environmental law, she is Argentina’s National Director of Climate Change in the Ministry of Environment and directs the Postgraduate Course in Law and Economics of Climate Change in FLACSO Argentina. She has participated in more than... Read More →
avatar for Ximena Franco

Ximena Franco

Director, Florverde Sustainable Flowers, Colombia
Ingeniera industrial de la Universidad Nacional de Colombia, MSc. en Gestión Ambiental para el Desarrollo Sostenible de la Pontificia Universidad Javeriana, con estudios en Gerencia de organizaciones de desarrollo, Cambio climático, Certificaciones ambientales y Liderazgo, entre... Read More →
avatar for Ricardo Meléndez-Ortiz

Ricardo Meléndez-Ortiz

Chief Executive, International Center for Trade and Sustainable Development
Ricardo MELÉNDEZ-ORTIZ (@RMelendezOrtiz) is co-founder of ICTSD and has been its Chief Executive since 1996. Previously, he co-founded and was General Director of Fundación Futuro Latinoamericano (Quito). He has represented Colombia as a negotiator in several multilateral fora, including as permanent delegate of Colombia... Read More →
avatar for Ximena Olmos

Ximena Olmos

Consultant, UN-ECLAC
Ximena is an expert on trade and sustainability issues and held positions at DIRECON in the Foreign Ministry of Chile. She holds an MA in International Strategy and Trade Policy at the Universidad de Chile and teaches at the Universidad Diego Portales and at the Instituto de Estudios... Read More →
PP

Patricio Parra

Director R+D, Vinos de Chile
Patricio Parra is Director of Research, Development and Innovation at  Vinos de Chile, the national wine association. As part of his functions, he is responsible for the administration of the Sustainability Code of the Chilean Wine Industry. He is member of the Accreditation Committee... Read More →
LR

Luis Rodríguez

Dirección de Gestión de Calidad Ambiental, Ministry of the Environment and Energy, Costa Rica
Luis Eduardo Rodríguez Ugalde is Coordinator  of the Environmental Footprint and Labeling Program at the Ministry of Environment and Energy of Costa Rica. He hold a degree in Agricultural Engineering and Agronomy and an MA in Natural Resources Management. He is also President of... Read More →



Monday December 11, 2017 1:30pm - 3:00pm
Breakout Room 2 - Sarmiento

1:30pm

International Trade and Food Security: The Vision of Food Exporting and Importing Countries
Demand for raw materials will remain expanding over the next decades, driven by population and income growth, especially in developing countries. An improved income distribution joined with a strong urbanization process, not only increases demand but also reconfigures it. Consumers begin to diversify their diets, incorporating a greater consumption of meats and dairy, and other greater processed products.
Bigger demand for agricultural products for food and feed, but also for energy and other industrial uses, will put pressure on increasingly scarce natural resources, affected by factors such as soil degradation, salinization of irrigated areas and climate change.
Given the constraints to incorporate new lands into the production process, increasing yields per hectare will gain greater importance as a source of production growth. In this way, the development, diffusion and full utilization of the technologies involved becomes imperative.
Even though the growth of world supply expected for the next years will complement the increase in demand, it will become increasingly difficult for most countries to achieve food self-sufficiency, due to unfavorable agro-ecological conditions, scarcity of natural resources, lack of infrastructure and investment, and public policies that distort international markets, among others.
Although significant increases are expected in several countries, production tends to be concentrated in a small number of countries. Imports will be diversified into a greater number of destinations, leaded by developing countries. Whereas Asia will remain the most dynamic importing region, Africa will increase its share in grain, meat and dairy imports.
While acknowledging the growing role of world trade in granting food security by linking non-self-sufficiency regions with those rich in renewable natural resources and surplus production, agricultural products will remain facing the biggest trade barriers.
In addition to traditional obstacles, new non-tariff measures to trade, both public and private, had emerged, affecting not only the expansion of food markets and new bio-based products, but also placing limits on technological development and demand changes in production processes along the entire value chain.
For this reason, the reform of the rules affecting agricultural trade becomes a priority if we want it to realize its full potential, contributing to World Food Security in all its dimensions (availability, access, use and stability).
To be successful it must take into account the concerns expressed by both exporting and net food importers, adapting to the new scenario, with a focus on meeting the objectives of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.

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Moderator
avatar for Marcelo Regunaga

Marcelo Regunaga

Counceling Member, Consejo Argentino para las Relaciones Internacionales
Academic Director of the Formation and Training Department of the Bolsa de Cereales. Academic Director and Professor at the Agribusiness Unit of the University of San Andrés. Professor of the Graduate Program on Agribusiness at the University of Buenos Aires. Has conducted more than... Read More →

Speakers
avatar for Chris Carson

Chris Carson

Director, International Policy, Ministry for Primary Industries
avatar for Bipul Chatterjee

Bipul Chatterjee

Executive Director, CUTS International
Bipul Chatterjee (50) is Executive Director, CUTS International, a global think-tank on trade, regulations and governance with its headquarters in Jaipur, India and centres in Geneva, Hanoi, Nairobi, Lusaka and Accra. He has done M.A. (Economics) from Delhi School of Economics, and... Read More →
avatar for Pam Johnson

Pam Johnson

President, The International Maize Alliance
Pam Johnson is a sixth- generation farmer who works with her family to produce corn and soybeans in northern Iowa.Johnson has served as a volunteer leader in many commodity groups over the course of her career and is a leading advocate for agriculture and rural economic development... Read More →
avatar for Ekaterina Krivonos

Ekaterina Krivonos

Economist, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Ekaterina Krivonos leads the work of the Trade Team in the Trade and Markets Division of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) in Rome, Italy. Her experience is focused on analyzing trade policy issues in relation to agricultural markets and food security... Read More →
avatar for Jane Nalunga

Jane Nalunga

Country Director, SEATINI-Uganda
Jane Seruwagi Nalunga is an expert on trade, tax and investment related issues. She has more than twenty years of experience in policy research, analysis and advocacy and has authored a number of policy oriented studies and articles. Jane sits on a number of national policy making... Read More →



Monday December 11, 2017 1:30pm - 3:00pm
Theater - San Martin Bolsa de Cereales, Buenos Aires, Argentina
 
Tuesday, December 12
 

10:45am

The Sustainability Map: driving innovation and building sustainable supply chains
To advance and encourage sustainable trade, all actors in supply chains, from small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) to large multinational companies, as well as governments, must be involved. The session will present innovative approaches that help empower upstream value-chain actors and connect them with downstream buyers. Speakers will discuss specifc case studies from Latin America and beyond that address issues such as traceability, market inefficiencies, the need for capacity building and harmonization of voluntary sustainability standards, and how to make inclusive trade the norm.  

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Moderator
avatar for Roxana Saravia

Roxana Saravia

Traceability Manager, GS1 Argentina
Roxana Saravia is a Systems Engineer received at the National Technological University in Buenos Aires. She works at GS1 Argentina and is Traceability Manager for GS1 Latam, she holds positions of increasing responsibility in business development, technologies and innovations.She... Read More →

Speakers
avatar for Gabriel Amaro Alzamora

Gabriel Amaro Alzamora

Executive Director, Asociación de Gremios Productores Agrarios del Perú (AGAP)
Industrial Engineer from the National University of Engineering – UNI, MBA from the Private University of Applied Sciences – UPC and from the IEDE of the European University of Madrid. He is the Executive Director of the Association of Peruvian Agrarian Producers Guilds – AGAP... Read More →
avatar for Rafael Florez

Rafael Florez

CEO, Logyca
Rafael Flórez holds an Administration degree from the Universidad Externado of Colombia. For 12 years he held important positions in the real sector, which gave him a broad vision of the issues faced by companies in different sectors in Colombia. He has been the CEO of LOGYCA / ASSOCIATION... Read More →
avatar for Silvia Seperack Gamboa

Silvia Seperack Gamboa

Director, Commercial Office of Peru in Argentina
avatar for Arancha González

Arancha González

Executive Director, International Trade Centre (ITC)
Arancha González has served as Executive Director of ITC, the joint agency of the United Nations and the World Trade Organization, since September 2013. Before joining ITC, Ms. González was Chief of Staff to World Trade Organization Director-General Pascal Lamy from 2005 to 2013... Read More →
avatar for Paulina Nazal

Paulina Nazal

General Director of International Economic Affairs, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Chile
Paulina Nazal has a Commercial Engineering Degree (Business administration) from the University of Chile and a Masters in Applied Economics from New York University. Academically, she has taught economics at the Universidad Diego Portales and at the Institute for International Studies... Read More →
avatar for Monica Rubiolo

Monica Rubiolo

Head Trade Promotion, Swiss State Secretariat for Economic Affairs, SECO
Monica Rubiolo is Head of Trade Promotion at the Swiss State Secretariat for Economic Affairs (SECO) since August 2016. She leads SECO’s efforts to foster trade in developing countries that is socially responsible, environmentally friendly, inclusive and thereby sustainable. This... Read More →
avatar for Dominik Ziller

Dominik Ziller

Director-General for International Development Policy, Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)
Dominik Ziller heads the Directorate-General for International Development Policy at the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development. His responsibili¬ties include the European Union's development cooperation, the United Nations, the World Bank Group, the regional... Read More →



Tuesday December 12, 2017 10:45am - 12:15pm
Breakout Room 3 - Rivadavia

1:30pm

Sustainable International Agricultural Trade and the Key Role of Latin America
Latin America plays a major role in the challenge of providing food for the 9 billion people who will inhabit the world by 2050. One of the key issues related to this challenge is how the region will meet these demands for increased agricultural production and at the same time improve and disseminate a productive system that respects the environmental and cultural diversity and wealth present in its territory.

The path to be taken to address the challenge of feeding more people and save more resources might be indicated by the Agenda 2030, the commitments made in the Paris Agreement and the growing development of Voluntary Standards of Sustainability. However, it is up to us as a region to discuss and establish how we are going to tread this path towards a sustainable international agricultural trade.

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Moderator
avatar for Pedro de Camargo Neto

Pedro de Camargo Neto

Vice President, Sociedade Rural Brasileira
Agriculture

Speakers
avatar for Rodrigo C A Lima

Rodrigo C A Lima

Director general, Agroicone
international trade and sustainable development
avatar for Camila Sande

Camila Sande

International Negotiations, Brazilian Confederation of Agriculture and Livestock
Agriculture, Trade, International Negotiations, Sustainable Develpment
LH

Luis Henrique Barbosa da Silva

Brazil´s Agricultural Attaché, World Trade Organisation
avatar for Vera Helena Thorstensen

Vera Helena Thorstensen

Professor Dr., Center for Global Trade and Investment Studies
International trade, trade regulation, digital trade



Tuesday December 12, 2017 1:30pm - 3:00pm
Theater - San Martin Bolsa de Cereales, Buenos Aires, Argentina

3:15pm

Making Trade Work for Climate Action - a Role for the G20

Sixteen of the seventeen warmest years on record have occurred since 2001, with 2016 being the hottest of them. Sea ice is melting and oceans are heating, leading to rising sea levels which threaten the very existence of many low-lying countries. Extreme weather events are becoming more frequent and more intense.

In 2015, the world’s nations came together under the Paris Agreement on Climate Change and agreed to limit average global temperature increases to well below 2˚C. Yet, country pledges currently don’t add up; a recent report by UNEP indicates that we are heading for a temperature increase of 3.2 ˚C by the end of the century.

Against this backdrop, it is crucial that every effort is made to scale up climate action. Trade has an important role to play in this regard. For example, as manufacturing of clean energy goods is currently concentrated in a handful of countries, trade is the means to allow all countries to access these technologies and transition to a cleaner energy mix. Moreover, international trade can make it possible to favour consumption of low carbon goods. Yet, trade barriers remain in the area and there is no coherent strategy for addressing them.

At the same time, cooperation on international trade rules is crucial so as not to undermine countries’ efforts as they implement their climate policies. For example, carbon pricing policies could, if unmatched, distort competitiveness, ultimately to the detriment of climate action. There is also a need to address climate policies in the transport sector, which have obvious trade links.

How to go about generating momentum for action on trade and climate change? Attempts to even host a discussion about climate change in the WTO don’t garner enough support to make it onto the agenda, and the UNFCCC is similarly reluctant to address trade issues.

The G20 is a promising avenue for taking up this work, at a time when collaboration, dialogue and experience sharing are much needed. The recent G20 Hamburg summit indeed showed that there is a need for alignment as well as ambition on both trade and on climate.

This event will present and discuss a White Paper currently being prepared by ICTSD, building on a year-long effort to conceive an agenda on trade and climate change for the G20, generously supported by the KR Foundation.

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Moderator
avatar for Ricardo Meléndez-Ortiz

Ricardo Meléndez-Ortiz

Chief Executive, International Center for Trade and Sustainable Development
Ricardo MELÉNDEZ-ORTIZ (@RMelendezOrtiz) is co-founder of ICTSD and has been its Chief Executive since 1996. Previously, he co-founded and was General Director of Fundación Futuro Latinoamericano (Quito). He has represented Colombia as a negotiator in several multilateral fora, including as permanent delegate of Colombia... Read More →

Speakers
avatar for James Bacchus

James Bacchus

Senior Counselor, ICTSD
James Bacchus is Senior Counsellor at the International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development (ICTSD). He is also Distinguished University Professor of Global Affairs and Director of the Center for Global Economic and Environmental Opportunity at the University of Central... Read More →
avatar for Axel Berger

Axel Berger

Senior Researcher, German Development Institute / Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE)
Dr. Axel Berger is a researcher at the German Development Institute (Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik, DIE), Department for World Economy and Development Finance, Bonn. He holds a doctorate in political science from the University of Duisburg-Essen and a Master degree from... Read More →
avatar for Gary Horlick

Gary Horlick

Attorney at Law, Law Offices of Gary N. Horlick
Gary Horlick is an international trade attorney based in Washington, D.C. He is listed by Euromoney/Institutional Investor and Who’s Who Legal as one of the world’s highest-ranked international trade lawyers, and is ranked in the top tier by Chambers.Horlick is former international... Read More →
avatar for Beatriz Nofal

Beatriz Nofal

ECO-AXIS, Founding Partner, Former Argentina G20 Sherpa 2017
I am an expert on economc develoment, trade, investment, innovation. I have been an "entrepreneur" in public policy in all these areas. I am at presently developing and participating in a number of international initiatives in these fields.During the first semester of 2017, I held... Read More →
avatar for Hon David Parker

Hon David Parker

Attorney-General Minister for Economic Development, Environment, and Trade and Export Growth Associate Minister of Finance
Born in Roxburgh in 1960, David grew up in Dunedin and has a BCom (Acctg) and LLB from the University of Otago.He was a litigation and managing partner in law firm Anderson Lloyd and was a co-founder of the Dunedin Community Law Centre. David is an experienced CEO and company director... Read More →
avatar for Richard Samans

Richard Samans

Member of the Managing Board, World Economic Forum
Mr Samans is a Member of the Managing Board of the World Economic Forum (WEF). He is responsible for the Forum’s action and policy oriented multistakeholder initiatives on major global challenges, relations with intergovernmental and civil society organizations and portfolio of... Read More →
avatar for Peter Thomson

Peter Thomson

Special Envoy for the Ocean of the UN Secretary General, United Nations
Ambassador Peter Thomson is a senior Fijian diplomat who was recently appointed by U.N. Secretary-General Antonio Guterres as his Special Envoy for the ocean, seeking to galvanize efforts to protect the world's seas, including through the implementation of SDG14, the Sustainable Development... Read More →



Tuesday December 12, 2017 3:15pm - 4:45pm
Breakout Room 3 - Rivadavia

5:00pm

Agri-food Trade, Climate Change and Achieving Sustainable Development Goals
The Agenda 2030 for Sustainable Development is shaping a framework for global governance that responds to a complex and interconnected global landscape. With the SDGs, the Agenda recognizes that trade is a key element in addressing fundamental issues such as food security, nutrition and the promotion of sustainable agriculture (SDG 2), healthy lives and wellbeing (SDG 3) economic growth (SDG 8), inequality (SDG 10), ocean, seas and marine resource (SDG 14), and global partnership for sustainable development (SDG 17).

Agricultural trade plays a major role in contributing to global food security, ensuring stable supplies and contributing to price stability. Moreover, agricultural trade is paramount in enabling conditions for facilitating structural transformation, promoting growth, mobilizing different sources of finance, and fostering job creation and social inclusion. Yet, while climate change is expected to have marked impacts on  agricultural production and food security, may also lead to significant trade disruptions in the short run (as a consequence of extreme weather events) and to long-term changes in agricultural trade patterns. Climate change will therefore affect all aspects of food security: availability, access, stability and utilization, and will challenge our efforts to ensure enough safe, nutritious, and affordable food for all.

However, while climate change might lead to serious production losses in many parts of the world, trade can help countries adapting to disruptions in food supply triggered by climate change. In other words, trade may be a key adaptation measure for addressing the consequences of climate change. Trade can play a stabilizing role in compensating for changes in production across regions, and in reducing food price volatility. Therefore, policy makers need to consider how to formulate, coordinate and implement climate change, agriculture and trade policies to meet the sustainability objectives of the 2030 Agenda.

This panel will investigate the relation between agriculture, food security, trade and climate change. The discussion will focus on how policy makers should balance trade and domestic policy measures that can address the challenges posed by climate change, while supporting the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals, and in particular food security, nutrition and promotion of sustainable agriculture.

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Moderator
avatar for Christophe Bellmann

Christophe Bellmann

Senior Resident Research Associate, ICTSD
Christophe BELLMANN is a Senior Resident Research Associate at ICTSD with more than 20 years of experience working on international trade negotiations and policy making from a sustainable development perspective. Mr. Bellmann joined ICTSD in 1998, first as Programme Officer for Outreach... Read More →

Speakers
avatar for Daniela Alfaro

Daniela Alfaro

Former Latin America Editor of Puentes - ICTSD, International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development (ICTSD)
Daniela Alfaro is an Economist and holds a Master´s Degree from the National University of Uruguay (UDELAR). Former Editor for Latin-American of Puentes/ ICSTD. She currently advises the Minister of Agriculture of Uruguay on WTO issues. Daniela is Professor of Trade and Agricultural... Read More →
avatar for David Blandford

David Blandford

Professor Emeritus, Penn State University
David Blandford is professor emeritus of agricultural and environmental economics at the Pennsylvania State University. He was formerly a division director at the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development in Paris and a professor at Cornell University. He has twice served... Read More →
avatar for Ekaterina Krivonos

Ekaterina Krivonos

Economist, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Ekaterina Krivonos leads the work of the Trade Team in the Trade and Markets Division of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) in Rome, Italy. Her experience is focused on analyzing trade policy issues in relation to agricultural markets and food security... Read More →
avatar for Martin Piñeiro

Martin Piñeiro

Director, Consejo Argentino para las Relaciones Internacionales
Agriculture, development and trade
avatar for George Rapsomanikis

George Rapsomanikis

Senior Economist, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
George Rapsomanikis is a Senior Economist in the FAO Trade and Markets Division. His research focuses on issues related to food price volatility, food security, and small-scale agriculture development. He holds a Ph.D. from the University of Reading and has authored over fifty journal... Read More →



Tuesday December 12, 2017 5:00pm - 6:30pm
Theater - San Martin Bolsa de Cereales, Buenos Aires, Argentina
 
Wednesday, December 13
 

9:00am

Ensuring Sustainability through a Nexus Approach: Climate Change, Trade and Food Security
Ensuring sustainable food productions systems, and consumption, for a growing world population is a formidable challenge. This is particularly important in the context of climate change, wherein climate vagaries have affected crop production adversely in different parts of the world. Sustainable food production and consumption is the key to address such issues so as to achieve food security in the face of climate change. For this, a multi-pronged strategy has to be developed which encompasses climate resilient agriculture practices, integrated supply chains, free and fair trade in food products, value addition and above all an enabling and integrated policy framework to realise sustainable food systems.
The Fifth Assessment Report (AR5) of the United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change has projected that without adaptation, a two-degree increase in temperature would adversely affect crops like rice, wheat, maize in tropical and temperate regions. It has also projected a reduction in renewable surface water as well as ground water resources and has predicted a significant reduction in marine biodiversity in sensitive areas. To adapt to climate change and build resilient crop production systems, there is a need for targeted research, awraness-raising and capacity building, and multi-stakeholder approaches to better understand the nexus among food and agriculture, climate change and trade policies at the national, regional and multilateral levels.  
Sustainable consumption would require minimising post-harvest losses through efficient supply chain management and value addition. There is an increasing demand for processed foods both in developed and developing countries. Yet, mostly bulk commodities are exported from developing countries as they lack necessary infrastructure, skills, technology and investment. Assured market for agricultural commodities (both bulk and processed) will have implications on farmer’s income which will ensure household food security and enable them to integrate newer technologies.
The nexus among food and agriculture, climate change and trade has to be recognised in the relevant international negotiations also, particularly in the WTO and UNFCCC. While being fully conscious of the mandates of these organisations, the policy makers and negotiators should be able to understand the linkages, for example, between the negotiations in the WTO and UNFCCC, to have climate-aware, trade-driven and food-security enhancing outcomes. Such outcomes, complemented by coherent and synergetic policies at the national and regional levels will lead to the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals.

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Moderator
avatar for Rashid S Kaukab

Rashid S Kaukab

Executive Director, CUTS International, Geneva
Rashid S. Kaukab joined CUTS International, Geneva at its beginnings in 2008. Previously he worked for the South Centre, the Pakistan Mission to the UN and WTO in Geneva and as a Senior Expert for UNCTAD. He holds a MBA from Yale University, US and an MA in Economics from Karachi... Read More →

Speakers
avatar for Christopher Onyanga Aparr

Christopher Onyanga Aparr

Ambassador/Permanent Representative, Permanent Misssion of Uganda
Currently, Amb. Christopher Onyanga Aparr is the Permanent Representative of the Republic of Uganda to the United Nations and other International Organizations; to World Trade Organization, in Geneva and Ambassador to the Swiss Confederation Council in Bern.Since taking up this position... Read More →
avatar for David Vivas Eugui

David Vivas Eugui

Legal Officer, UNCTAD
Mr. Vivas is Legal Officer, at the Trade, Environment, Climate Change and Sustainable Development Branch, DITC at UNCTAD. He was also Senior Economic Affairs Officer, Trade Negotiations and Commercial Diplomacy Branch at the same organization; Deputy Programmes Director at ICTSD... Read More →
avatar for Marion Jansen

Marion Jansen

Chief Economist, International Trade Centre
Marion Jansen is the Chief Economist of the International Trade Centre (ITC), responsible for ITC’s flagship publication “SME Competitiveness Outlook” and the institution’s recent publications on e-commerce. She also oversees ITC’s work on export strategies. Marion previously... Read More →
avatar for Jane Nalunga

Jane Nalunga

Country Director, SEATINI-Uganda
Jane Seruwagi Nalunga is an expert on trade, tax and investment related issues. She has more than twenty years of experience in policy research, analysis and advocacy and has authored a number of policy oriented studies and articles. Jane sits on a number of national policy making... Read More →
avatar for Shishir Priyadarshi

Shishir Priyadarshi

Director, Development Division, WTO
Shishir Priyadarshi, a senior Director of the World Trade Organization, is an international expert on Trade and Development. He heads the Development Division of the WTO, whose mandate is to facilitate work on all trade related developmental issues in the organization.A significant... Read More →



Wednesday December 13, 2017 9:00am - 10:30am
Breakout Room 3 - Rivadavia

1:30pm

Reconsideration of Agricultural Themes
The WTO XI Ministerial meeting will be held in Buenos Aires Argentina in December of this year. In Agriculture the Agenda being discussed is mainly a carry-over of the themes that have been on the table for some time. Although there is still room for negotiation on the three pillars the Argentine government and the conversations undergoing in Geneva are giving considerable attention to Domestic Support where it is considered that progress is more likely.
The XI Ministerial meeting will take place within a complex and uncertain international context. Growing sentiments against globalization in many developed countries and increasing political pressure in favor of protectionist policies have deteriorated the trade environment and the possibilities to advance in multilateral negotiation processes
Given this international situation it is unlikely that great progress can be made in the areas of the three pillars. For this reason it seems especially important to make a special effort in the identification of new themes on which a constructive dialogue may be initiated for a more formal consideration in subsequent Ministerial meetings.
Two new themes will be presented and analyzed in the proposed Session; a) Elimination of export restriction in food products and c) Special agreement on environmental standards related to Carbon and other GEIs footprint.

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Speakers
avatar for Eduardo Bianchi

Eduardo Bianchi

Investigador - Profesor, Escuela Argentina de Negocios y Grupo CEO
Food Security
avatar for Gustavo Idigoras

Gustavo Idigoras

Director, Ceagro
Wto agriculture trips sps tbt
avatar for Valeria Piñeiro

Valeria Piñeiro

Senior Research Coordinator, IFPRI
Valeria Piñeiro is an Economist in the Markets, Trade, and Institutions Division at the International Food Policy Research Institute. Her research interests include international trade, development strategies and economic growth, growth linkages and regional dynamics, and sources... Read More →
avatar for Martin Piñeiro

Martin Piñeiro

Director, Consejo Argentino para las Relaciones Internacionales
Agriculture, development and trade



Wednesday December 13, 2017 1:30pm - 3:00pm
Theater - San Martin Bolsa de Cereales, Buenos Aires, Argentina

5:00pm

Concerns and Contributions of the Southern Cone Countries to the Agro-industrial Agenda
The WTO XI Ministerial meeting will be held in Buenos Aires Argentina. Although the Agricultural Agenda is very relevant for the region, it has not made much progress.  The significant results achieved in Bali and Nairobi are not sufficient to ensure "effective access" to agricultural commodity markets. Even this occurs in a context where trade will become increasingly relevant to ensure food security in many countries of the globe in the coming years.  In view of this, the private sector of the Southern Cone proposes to advance in the pending issues, as well as to incorporate new issues to reduce distortions and facilitate access to markets. With the stagnation of the WTO agenda, many countries focused their market access strategy on implementing FTAs. However, this is not a viable strategy from the point of view of promoting development at a global level, since tariff reductions were observed between countries that formed trade agreements, this indirectly eroded the tariff preferences of third markets, in many cases, least developed countries.
Even the signing of FTAs is risky for the signatory countries, since it is generally necessary to grant more concessions than in a multilateral negotiation. In addition, in a bilateral agreement, bargaining power depends on the specific weight of each country and the existing institutional framework to support the agreement in each case.
Therefore, the FTAs seem not to be the most adequate response to face the existing trade barriers and to promote a development agenda that reaches all the countries of the globe. Given this certainty, the claim of progress in the negotiation on "effective market access" (including the SPS and TBT Agreements) is legitimate and must necessarily be discussed at the negotiating table.

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Moderator
avatar for Marcelo Regunaga

Marcelo Regunaga

Counceling Member, Consejo Argentino para las Relaciones Internacionales
Academic Director of the Formation and Training Department of the Bolsa de Cereales. Academic Director and Professor at the Agribusiness Unit of the University of San Andrés. Professor of the Graduate Program on Agribusiness at the University of Buenos Aires. Has conducted more than... Read More →

Speakers
avatar for Daniela Alfaro

Daniela Alfaro

Former Latin America Editor of Puentes - ICTSD, International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development (ICTSD)
Daniela Alfaro is an Economist and holds a Master´s Degree from the National University of Uruguay (UDELAR). Former Editor for Latin-American of Puentes/ ICSTD. She currently advises the Minister of Agriculture of Uruguay on WTO issues. Daniela is Professor of Trade and Agricultural... Read More →
avatar for Santiago Bertoni

Santiago Bertoni

President, Paraguayan Institute of Agricultural Technology (IPTA)
He is an agronomist and is currently president of the Paraguayan Institute of Agricultural Technology (IPTA). Previously, he performed functions in various areas of the Paraguayan Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock. During his career, he was trained in biotechnology and sanitary... Read More →
avatar for Eduardo Bianchi

Eduardo Bianchi

Investigador - Profesor, Escuela Argentina de Negocios y Grupo CEO
Food Security
avatar for Luiz Carlos Corrêa Carvalho

Luiz Carlos Corrêa Carvalho

President, Associação Brasileira do Agronegócio
Ingeniero Agrónomo formado por la ESALQ / USP y posgraduado en Agronomía y en Administración por la Facultad de Economía y Administración de la USP y Vanderbilt University (USA). Es Presidente de ABAG, Director de CANAPLAN, empresa de consultoría y proyectos para el sector sucroalcoholero... Read More →
avatar for Nelson Illescas

Nelson Illescas

Lawyer, Fundación INAI
Nelson Illescas es abogado y consultor en temas relacionados al derecho internacional y las negociaciones agroindustriales. Trabaja desde 2008 en Fundación Instituto para las Negociaciones Agrícolas Internacionales (INAI).Ha escrito artículos y trabajos para publicaciones nacionales... Read More →
avatar for Roberto Rodrigues

Roberto Rodrigues

Coordinator, FGV
Roberto Rodrigues is an agronomist and farmer, coordinator of the Agribusiness Center at FGV, FAO Special Ambassador for Cooperatives, President of LIDE Agribusiness. He is also a member of countless business, institutional and academic boards.He was professor of the Department of... Read More →



Wednesday December 13, 2017 5:00pm - 6:30pm
Breakout Room 2 - Sarmiento

6:30pm

Agricultural trade interests and challenges at the WTO Ministerial Conference in Buenos Aires: A Southern Cone perspective

This book focuses on presenting some of the main themes that are pending in the WTO negotiations, with an emphasis on the views and perspectives of the Southern Cone countries. These countries’ interests and perspectives are influenced by the importance of agriculture in their economies and by the important role they play as the largest net food exporters.

The book is divided in three Parts. The first Part presents the main issues included in the three main Pillars of the Agreement on Agriculture which are still unresolved and that are of special interest for the Southern Cone countries. The second Part presents two themes that, although having been discussed, have not been seriously considered in the WTO deliberations to date – the elimination of export restrictions in food products and the incorporation of environmental disciplines in the WTO agenda. Finally, the third Part presents some conclusions, suggestions, and recommendations.

Speakers
avatar for Jonathan Hepburn

Jonathan Hepburn

Senior Programme Manager, Agriculture, International Centre and sustainable Development
Jonathan HEPBURN is the Senior Programme Manager, Agriculture at the International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development in Geneva. He joined ICTSD in 2006, where he is responsible for the organisation's work on how farm trade policy and rules affect food security, equity and... Read More →
avatar for Nelson Illescas

Nelson Illescas

Lawyer, Fundación INAI
Nelson Illescas es abogado y consultor en temas relacionados al derecho internacional y las negociaciones agroindustriales. Trabaja desde 2008 en Fundación Instituto para las Negociaciones Agrícolas Internacionales (INAI).Ha escrito artículos y trabajos para publicaciones nacionales... Read More →
avatar for Ekaterina Krivonos

Ekaterina Krivonos

Economist, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Ekaterina Krivonos leads the work of the Trade Team in the Trade and Markets Division of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) in Rome, Italy. Her experience is focused on analyzing trade policy issues in relation to agricultural markets and food security... Read More →
avatar for Manuel Otero

Manuel Otero

Director General Electo, del Instituto Interamericano de Cooperación para la Agricultura (IICA).
avatar for Valeria Piñeiro

Valeria Piñeiro

Senior Research Coordinator, IFPRI
Valeria Piñeiro is an Economist in the Markets, Trade, and Institutions Division at the International Food Policy Research Institute. Her research interests include international trade, development strategies and economic growth, growth linkages and regional dynamics, and sources... Read More →
avatar for Martin Piñeiro

Martin Piñeiro

Director, Consejo Argentino para las Relaciones Internacionales
Agriculture, development and trade
avatar for Agustin Tejeda Rodriguez

Agustin Tejeda Rodriguez

Chief Economist, Buenos Aires Grain Exchange
Agustin Tejeda Rodriguez is currently Chief Economist at the Buenos Aires Grain Exchange. As Chief Economist, he is in charge of the departments of Economics, Agricultural Estimates, Technological Prospective and Training. He is also external consultant on agricultural and trade policies... Read More →
avatar for Robert Vos

Robert Vos

Director for Markets, Trade and Institutions Division, International Food Policy Research Institute



Wednesday December 13, 2017 6:30pm - 8:30pm
Trading Room